Every thing about FIGS | Vahrehvah :
Fig or scientifically known as Ficus carica is large deciduous shrub or small tree. Fig trees bear small, sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, dried, preserved or candied. Fig grows widely in countries like the Germany, Canary Islands, England, China, Japan, South Africa, India and Australia. The color of the fruit depends on the variety of the fig tree which can be yellow, brow, green or dark purple. Fig trees are divided into four main groups that include the Common figs, Capri figs, Smyrna figs and San Pedro figs.
Capri figs produce inedible fruit but are necessary to pollinate other fig trees. Smyrna figs need pollination by Capri figs. San Pedro figs do not require pollination for their first crop but depend on pollination to produce their second crop. Common figs do not require pollination at all and are the most frequently grown. Four popular varieties of common fig trees are Celeste, Brown Turkey, Brunswick and Marseilles.
Figs are commonly known as Anjeer in India.In Manipur and other parts of the Northeastern, fig trees grow wild and randomly in farmland. Fresh figs are lusciously sweet with a texture that combines the chewiness of their flesh, the smoothness of their skin, and the crunchiness of their seeds. There are many ways of incorporating the figs in your diet like eating dried figs as a healthy energy snack. For extra flavor and nutrients stuff them with nuts and a little honey. Figs are added to baked products such as muffins and cakes.
Dried or fresh figs can also be added to your oatmeal or breakfast cereals or porridge to make it healthy and nutritious. You can also add figs to your tarts or to the yoghurt and prepare a yummy and delicious dip. Fig is used in many recipes such as:
- Kong Firin With Figs : This is a super dessert prepared by using fresh figs. Figs sautéed in ghee and cooked till milk get reduced.
- Anjeer Ka Meetha : This decadent, dense, richly Indian sweet is fit for the royals and yet is surprisingly simple to make. Made from dried figs and Pure Ghee, its lovely grainy texture is highly appetizing and perfect for a special gathering with loved ones.
- Anjeer Murg : Chicken and figs cooked in an amazingly scintillating and silky Mughlai style of gravy, this dish is mildly spiced yet has a notably mixed aroma and taste. The gravy is rich to taste, very flavorful and aromatic.
- Banana Anjeer Milk Shake : filling mid-morning snack, this smoothie uses naturally sweet dried figs. With the use of low-fat curds, milk and minimum amount of sugar, the calorie content has been reduced substantially.
- It contains significant amounts of dietary fiber, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and iron.
- Research study states that dried figs are richest infiber, copper, manganese, magnesium, potassium, calcium, and vitamin K, relative to human needs.
- Figs have a laxative effect and contain many antioxidants.
- Figs are good source of flavonoids and polyphenols including gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, syringic acid, epicatechin and rutin.
- According to the traditional medicine, the roots are used in treatment of leucoderma and ringworms.
- Sweet fig fruitshave antipyretic, purgative, aphrodisiac properties and have shown to be useful in inflammations and paralysis.
- Figs are a natural tonic for energy and vitality.Eating of figs regularly can provide relief from fatigue and sleep disorders and bring about improvement in memory.
- The leaves of fig trees are used in the treatment of jaundice.
- Figs are very beneficial to health as they lower cholesterol, controls blood pressure, helps in weight loss, prevents constipation, increases bone density and are good for people suffering from Anemia.
- Fig juice can be taken to cure sore throat and inflammation of bronchial passage.