Garlic is one of the most popularly used vegetable in the Indian cuisine. It is called as Lassan or Lahsun in Hindi. Botanical name of garlic is Allium sativum Linn and belongs to the Lilliaceae family and its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. This vegetable is called by several names in different parts of India as per their regional language.
Garlic is used throughout the globe for both culinary and medicinal purposes. Garlic is cultivated in most parts of India especially in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Bihar being the premium producers of garlic in India.
Garlic has various uses and widely used for culinary purposes all over the world. It is used as condiment in various food items in Indian and Asian cuisines. It is mainly used for preparing chutneys, pickles, dips and curry powder, adding in curries, meat preparations, sauces or ketchups. The raw garlic is used in making of garlic powder, garlic salt, garlic vinegar, garlic bread etc.
Garlic rasam is a very popular dish prepared in southern India and said to be very good for flatulence. Garlic is widely cultivated in warm and mild climates throughout India. It is quite easy to cultivate garlic, as the plant can be grown year-round.
Garlic is a bulbous perennial plant having narrow flat leaves. The plant bears small white flowers and bulbils and the bulb comprises 6 to 30 smaller bulblets called cloves. The bulb remains surrounded by a thin white or pinkish papery sheath. Garlic has a stronger flavor in comparison to onion.
Garlic requires well-drained, moderately clayey and argillaceous soil and a high elevation (900 to 1200 meters) to grow properly. It also requires a cool moist period during its growth and a relatively dry period during the maturing of crop. Normally, garlic takes about 4 to 5 months to mature.
It is grown as a late season irrigated crop. Garlic is easy to grow and can be grown year-round in mild climates. In cold climates, cloves are planted in the ground in the fall, about six weeks before the soil freezes and harvested in late spring. Garlic plants can be grown close together, leaving enough room for the bulbs to mature, and are easily grown in containers of sufficient depth. When selecting garlic for planting, it is important to pick large heads to separate cloves from.
This plant’s bulb is the most commonly used part and is divided into numerous fleshy sections called cloves. The cloves are used for consumption (raw or cooked), or for medicinal purposes, and have a characteristic pungent, spicy flavor that mellows and sweetens considerably with cooking.
India is one of the major exporters of garlic bulbs, dehydrated garlic, garlic powder and garlic oil, etc. all over the world. The main harvesting season of garlic in India is the months of December to January and the marketing season is during the months of February to March.
India mainly exports garlic to the countries like Sri Lanka, USA, UAE, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Garlic is grown globally where China is the largest producer of garlic. Garlic is an excellent source of manganese. It is also a very good source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C. In addition, garlic is a good source of protein and thiamin (vitamin B1) as well as the minerals phosphorus, selenium, calcium, potassium, and copper. Garlic is a wonderful seasoning (ginger garlic paste) to add aroma, taste, and nutrition to your dishes.
It is usually recommended using raw chopped or pressed garlic in many of the dishes. It is best to add it towards the end of the cooking process to retain the maximum amount of flavor and nutrition. Garlic taste excellent when applied to breads which creates a variety to classic dishes such as garlic bread, garlic toast, bruschetta, crostini and canapé.
Listed below are some of the all-time favourite ginger recipes that you must give a try:
Sweet Garlic Sauce Sweet chili garlic sauce is an integral part of every diet. use it as a dipping sauce for Asian flavored appetizers or egg rolls, or add couple of tablespoons of the gooey goodness on breaded chicken bits and vegetables to make a delicious stir fry dish. The possibilities of using this sauce are plenty.
Garlic Butter Prawns Heavenly jumbo prawns nicely stuffed with a rich butter mixture and topped with cheese and garnished in the OTG. This is a dish best suited for a candle light dinner.
Garlic Pil Pil This is Spanish tapas. This is a bigger portion as we make it as a main meal at home. It is Prawns with chilli and garlic.Gambas Pil Pil is a famous tapas of prawns served in a hot, sizzling sauce of garlic, chilli & olive oil. Gambas Pil Pil is mostly everyonce favourite tapas.
Indian Garlic Bread Garlic Parathas Garlic parathas are Indian flat whole wheat bread with garlicky flavor.
Garlic Chamman (Saag Mushroom Curry) Garlic chamman in a speciality dish to all the garlic lovers! Nicely cooked whole cloves of garlic cooked in the green chamman gravy are a dish to try out.
Prawn Pepper Garlic Khozambu Prawns Kuzhambu with Onion Tomato and Coconut is an excellent dish cooked in onion, tomato, coconut and tamarind sauce. This is just like a Kuzhambu made in southern India.
Garlic Pepper Meat Balls Garlic pepper meat balls are a popular snack dish. It is made of mince goat meat mixed with other ingredients made into small sized balls and fried. There are a variety of meat ball recipes using different kinds of meat and spices. The meat balls are one of the varieties from the kofta family.
Garlic Pepper Veg Balls This Indo-Chinese recipe of veg balls in hot garlic sauce is a wonder full combination is a must try!
Parsley Garlic Mayonnaise Recipe – Alioli Sauce Mayonnaise is a food best made at home and almost never made at home. This has robbed us of something that is both healthy and an absolute joy to eat adding along with fresh chopped parsley and crushed garlic.
Fish in Garlic Sauce Fish in Garlic sauce is an exquisite fish preparation cooked with Chinese sauces/ spices. A whole fish simmered with some soya sauce and vinegar and pan fried until golden and topped with a yummy and spicy sauce.
Garlic Tomato Dal The dal has the tang and the flavors of tomatoes. Tomato Dal (with garlic tadka) is a simple dal tadka with garlic. Excellent combination with Rotis / Rice!
Garlic Dal Fry Garlic Dal fry is a simple dal preparation made with ghee tempered with sliced garlic, spiced and semi- solid cooked dal mixed and boiled for a minute. This dish is very flavourful and aromatic. Serve with rice, phulka or roti.
Garlic Butter Baked Fish A big fillet of sea bass fish just marinated with garlic and butter and seasoning anb baked in oven its very tasty not like regular fish there will be some difference in look as well as in taste.
Garlic Toast Garlic toast is a delicious spread of fresh garlic, butter and all natural margarine generously applied to each slice EVERY Italian meal must have its garlic bread, and this recipe is not only delicious but also attractive. It's rich which cheese and butter applied on the slice of bread and grilled.
Garlic Pickle Garlic pickle has a very nice hot and sweet flavor. A melange of flavors marinated garlic combined with jaggery, chillies and other spices, to make a rich, complex, bold spicy pickle.
From a simple roasted chicken and potatoes to a very famous soup composed almost entirely of garlic. It has a strong stuff and lingers into the palate. Interesting it can be a dominant flavoring agent, or it can work in conjunction with other flavors.
Do try these recipes and delight your palate.
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