Bihar

Bihari cuisine — As traditional Bihari society is influenced by the Buddhist and Hindu values, they are predominantly vegetarians. However unlike Gujarat and other communities of the South, non-vegetarian food is quite acceptable in few traditional homes of Bihar.Some section of the Brahmins, like the Maithil Brahmins have traditionally eaten few varieties of fish. Interestingly Mutton or Goat meat is even used as Prasad in some type of pujas. like Devi puja and many Kayastha families in Bihar, who are generally considered great lovers of non-vegetarian food, are vegetarian in Bihar.There are numerous Bihari meat dishes prepared with Chicken and Mutton. Diary products are consumed frequently throughout the year, with common foods including Yoghurt known as Dahi and Buttermilk known as Mattha, ghee, lassi and butter.The staple food of Bihari food are the Bhat, dal, roti, tarkari and achar. Traditionally Mustard oil has been the main cooking medium. “Khichdi”, the broth of rice and lentils, seasoned with spices served with several accompaniments like curd, chutney, pickles, papads, ghee and chokha (boiled mashed potatoes & seasoned with chopped onions, green chillies) constitutes the lunch for most people of Bihar on Saturdays.Sweet delicacies - Unlike Oriya and Bengali sweets which are soaked in syrups made of sugar and are therefore wet, sweets of Bihar are mostly dry. Some of them are Laktho, Khurma, Balushahi.Anarasa, Khaja, Motichoor ka Ladoo, Kala Jamun, Kesaria Peda, Parwal ka Mithai, Khubi ka Lai, Belgrami, Tilkut, Thekua and Chena Murki. Some of them owe their origin to towns in the vicinity of Patna: Khaja from Silao Nalanda, Ladoo from Maner, Kala Jamun from Vikram, Khubi ka Lai from Barh, Tilkut arid Kesaria Peda from Gaya .balushahi from Harnaut and Chena Murki from Koelwar. Descendants of the original family members of the cooks, called halwais in the local language, have migrated to urban Patna and authentic sweet delicacies are now available in the city itself.Other traditional snacks and savouries - There are several other traditional snacks and savouries:Pua -  prepared from a mixture of powdered rice, milk, ghee (clarified butter), sugar and honey and its variant Malpua.Pittha - steam cooked, mixture of powdered rice.Chiwra - beaten rice, served with a coat of creamy curd and sugar or jaggery.Makhana (a kind of water fruit) is prepared from lotus seeds and prepared with milk and sugar.Sattu, powdered baked gram, is a high energy giving food. It is taken mixed with water or with milk. Sometimes, sattu mixed with spices is used to prepare stuffed "chapattis", locally called as "makuni roti"Litti/Choka, a fast food item that can be prepared with minimum of utensils by people on tour. It is prepared with Sattu and Wheat flour and taken with mashed potato and brinjals.Non-vegetarian food - The distinctive Bihari flavor of the non-vegetarian cooking finds mention in the memoirs of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who found it quite tasteful. Biharians are quite famous for their Behari Kebabs another typical Bihari non vegetarian dish. This dish was traditionally made from mutton and is eaten with Roti, Paratha (sort of pita) or boiled rice.The Bihari culture and their cuisines can be seen quite distinctively in Karachi where they are in quite a large number Later on few of them immigrated to US and Canada, taking with them their culture and cuisine.